Diet for older people is different from those in their younger years. One way or another, we all will grow old and this is something that we cannot avoid but if there is one thing we can fight off it is aging with diseases. We are aware that as we grow old, our bodies become more susceptible to health problems but there are always ways on how we could avoid this and it is by having a healthy diet. The healthy diet for older people should be maintained in order to keep them strong and healthy.
Importance of Diet for Older People
In most places, malnourished people aren’t just the young ones but a large group of elderly are unfortunately part of this group too. There are numerous reasons to explain this but one of which is due to the fact that when we get older, our sense of taste and smell deteriorates which greatly affects appetite. Other factors include difficulty in chewing, digesting and swallowing. Food becomes less appealing and with this health problems arise. This is why having a healthy diet for older people is essential.
Healthy Diet for Older People
- Balanced diet and nutritional requirements.
As we get older, our metabolism becomes much slower which is why digestion problems are common amongst elderly. With this, older people only require low calories. Older people who do not lessen their caloric intake will only gain weight which imposes higher risk of developing health ailments. Which why having a healthy and balanced diet is important along with making sure that nutritional needs are met.
- Including minerals in the diet.
Getting older means being more exposed to certain types of ailments due to the changes happening in the body. Osteoporosis is a common disease among older people but this is just one among the many other diseases they are highly at risk of. This means getting as much minerals needed such as zinc, calcium and potassium for a much stronger immune system.
- Importance of vitamins.
It is essential to include in an elderly diet vitamins such as vitamins D, E and B12. Vitamin D best works with calcium because it helps in its absorption crucial especially when it comes to fighting off osteoporosis. Vitamin E is for protecting yourself from developing heart problems whereas vitamin B12 is for production of red blood cells and maintenance of healthy nerve cells.
- Make sure that fiber is part of the diet.
Because of slow metabolism and digestion, constipation is a common problem among seniors making fiber play a big role in their diet. Fiber facilitates regular bowel movements thus cleansing the digestive system. Don’t forget to take in water when taking in high amounts of fiber to fight off constipation and other digestion problems.
- The role of fluids and liquids.
Dehydration is frequently experienced by many seniors because of their decreased thirst. As a result, digestion problems happen along with other types of health problems. Because of this, drinking at least 8 glasses a day is really important especially when increased intake of fiber is done.